Book Group

Links and material for 75 Masterpieces Every Christian Should Know

[Scroll down to see earlier chapters]

Chapter 40  The Life of Our Lord Jesus Christ

What Our Lord Saw from the Cross

The front plate of Tissot’s book with his photo

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Portrait of a Pilgrim (last page of The Life of Our Lord Jesus Christ)

 

The Ball on Shipboard

 

Inward Voices (the Ruins)

 

From the Brooklyn Eagle April 16, 1900

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For more information on Tissot and his paintings, see this site on WordPress

Chapter 41 The Annunciation

From Wikipedia:  The history of the AME church (for Sally!)

[When first brought to the US] American Methodists remained affiliated with the Church of England, but this state of affairs became untenable after the American Revolution. In response, Wesley ordained the first Methodist elders for America in 1784. Under the leadership of its first bishops, Thomas Coke and Francis Asbury, the “Methodist Episcopal Church” adopted episcopal polity and an itinerant model of ministry that saw circuit riders provide for the religious needs of a widespread and mobile population….

The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church or AME, is.. the first independent Protestant denomination to be founded by black people. It was founded by the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists. It was among the first denominations in the United States to be founded on racial rather than theological distinctions and has persistently advocated for the civil and human rights of African Americans through social improvement, religious autonomy, and political engagement…. The AME currently has 20 districts, each with its own bishop: 13 are based in the United States, mostly in the South, while seven are based in Africa. The global membership of the AME is around 2.5 million and it remains one of the largest Methodist denominations in the world.

 

The Banjo Lesson

Henry Ossawa Tanner, The Banjo Lesson, 1893, oil on canvas, 49 × 35.5 inches / 124.5 × 90.2 cm (Hampton University Museum, Hampton, VA)

 

The Thankful Poor

Henry Ossawa Tanner, The Thankful Poor, 1894, oil on canvas, 90.3 x 112.5 cm / 35 1/2 x 44 1/4 inches (collection of William and Camille Cosby)

 

Analysis of Tanner’s works at Khan Academy

 

Daniel and the Lion’s Den

Daniel in the Lions' Den, 1917 - Henry Ossawa Tanner

 

Chapter 42  The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson

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A Bird came down the Walk (328)

A Bird came down the Walk—
He did not know I saw—
He bit an Angleworm in halves
And ate the fellow, raw,

And then he drank a Dew
From a convenient Grass—
And then hopped sidewise to the Wall
To let a Beetle pass—

He glanced with rapid eyes
That hurried all around—
They looked like frightened Beads, I thought—
He stirred his Velvet Head

Like one in danger, Cautious,
I offered him a Crumb
And he unrolled his feathers
And rowed him softer home—

Than Oars divide the Ocean,
Too silver for a seam—
Or Butterflies, off Banks of Noon
Leap, plashless as they swim.

Hope is the thing with feathers (254)

Hope is the thing with feathers  
That perches in the soul,  
And sings the tune without the words,  
And never stops at all,  
   
And sweetest in the gale is heard;          
And sore must be the storm  
That could abash the little bird  
That kept so many warm.  
   
I’ve heard it in the chillest land,  
And on the strangest sea;         
Yet, never, in extremity,  
It asked a crumb of me.

Bring Me The Sunset In A Cup – Poem by Emily Dickinson

Bring me the sunset in a cup,
Reckon the morning’s flagons up
And say how many Dew,
Tell me how far the morning leaps—
Tell me what time the weaver sleeps
Who spun the breadth of blue!

Write me how many notes there be
In the new Robin’s ecstasy
Among astonished boughs—
How many trips the Tortoise makes—
How many cups the Bee partakes,
The Debauchee of Dews!

Also, who laid the Rainbow’s piers,
Also, who leads the docile spheres
By withes of supple blue?
Whose fingers string the stalactite—
Who counts the wampum of the night
To see that none is due?

Who built this little Alban House
And shut the windows down so close
My spirit cannot see?
Who’ll let me out some gala day
With implements to fly away,
Passing Pomposity?

Chapter 37  The Brothers Karamazov

For a summary and analysis of the book, see Shmoop.com

For a very good overview of Dostoyevsky’s writings and his moral outlook, watch this 14 minute video from the School of Literature

Chapter 38  La Sagrada Familia Cathedral

Statuary on the cathedral

Ceiling

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Examples of animals in statuary

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Park Guell

Related image

Casa Batlló

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Casa Milá

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Chapter 39 Starry Night

Khan Academy’s analysis of “Starry Night”

“The Imitation of Christ” by Thomas Kempis online

At Eternity’s GateImage result for at eternity's gate van gogh painting

The Potato Eaterspotato eaters

A Pair of ShoesA Pair of Shoes, 1886 by Vincent Van Gogh

Wheatfield with CrowsImage result for Wheatfield with Crows

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Chapter 34  The Light of the World

Warner Sallman “Christ at the Door”

Dante Rosetti’s La Ghirlandata

Khan Academy video analyzing Hunt’s Awakening Conscious

Awakening Conscious — the painting

The Hireling Shepherd

Our English Coasts

Image result for william holman hunt our english coasts

The Scapegoat

William Holman Hunt - The Scapegoat.jpg

The Shadow of Death

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Chapter 37 :  The Heart of the Andes

Church’s Cotopaxi

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The Icebergs

Icebergs floating in an ocean

Niagara

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To the Memory of Thomas Cole

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Cross in the Wilderness

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Olana

Rural Intelligence Road Trips

Chapter 36 “Fairy Tales”

Read George MacDonald’s The Princess and the Goblin online at Project Gutenberg or Download it for your Kindle or e-reader at http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/34339

Read George MacDonald’s The Light Princess online at Project Gutenberg or download it for your Kindle or e-reader at http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/697

Other works by George MacDonald can also be found on Project Gutenberg.  Click here for a listing.

Chapter 31  The Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog

A ten minute Youtube on the Romantic Period

A Cross in the Mountains

Abbey in the Oakwood

Caspar David Friedrich - Abtei im Eichwald - Google Art Project.jpg

Monastery Graveyard in the Snow

Monastery Graveyard In The Snow

Monk on the Seashore

(For a more in-depth discussion of the Monk by the Sea, see this essay at Khan Academy

Winter Landscape

Fixed size image

The Woman Before the Setting Sun

File:Caspar David Friedrich - Woman before the Rising Sun (Woman before the Setting Sun) - WGA08253.jpg

Chapter 32  Symphony no. 5 “The Reformation”

Listen to Symphony no. 5 by Mendelssohn on Youtube

The Dresden Amen

Octet in Eb Major (composed at age 16)

Overture to a Midsummer’s Night Dream

Italian Symphony

Violin Concerto

Song without Words

Elijah

Chapter 33  The Voyage of Life

Khan Academy article on Thomas Cole and the View from Mt Holyoke: The Oxbox

The View from Mt Holyoke

Detail of Hebrew letters on mountain

The Garden of Eden

Expulsion from the Garden of Eden

Cole Thomas Expulsion from the Garden of Eden 1828.jpg

Chapter 28  “Songs of Innocence and Experience”

To read the entire works online: Project Gutenberg

Chapter 29  “The Creation”

You can listen to the entire work in English on Youtube:  The Creation performed by the MIT Choir         The chorus “Let there be light” begins here:  Let there be light

Haydn’s Surprise Symphony

Haydn’s Clock Symphony 2nd movement

Haydn’s La Poule

Chapter 30  “Pride and Prejudice”

To read the entire book online:  Project Gutenberg

The Book of Common Prayer online


Chapter 24  “When I Survey the Wondrous Cross”

(“Hymn” refers to the lyrics, not the music.)  The words are:

1. When I survey the wondrous cross
on which the Prince of Glory died;
my richest gain I count but loss,
and pour contempt on all my pride.

2. Forbid it, Lord, that I should boast,
save in the death of Christ, my God;
all the vain things that charm me most,
I sacrifice them to his blood.

3. See, from his head, his hands, his feet,
sorrow and love flow mingled down.
Did e’er such love and sorrow meet,
or thorns compose so rich a crown.

4. Were the whole realm of nature mine,
that were an offering far too small;
love so amazing, so divine,
demands my soul, my life, my all.

To hear the version we sing from our hymnal:  https://youtu.be/kRjfXyRZw4w

Behold the Glories of the Lamb   (This is usually sung to the tune “Martyrdom” which can be heard here https://youtu.be/pOwkhlqehgw, set to another Isaac Watts hymn.)

1 Behold the glories of the Lamb
amidst His Father’s throne!
amidst His Father’s throne!
Prepare new honors for His name,
and songs before unknown,
and songs before unknown.

2 Let elders worship at His feet,
the church adore around,
the church adore around,
with vials full of odors sweet,
and harps of sweeter sound,
and harps of sweeter sound.

3 Now to the Lamb that once was slain
be endless blessings paid;
be endless blessings paid;
salvation, glory, joy, remain
forever on Thy head,
forever on Thy head.

4 Thou hast redeemed our souls with blood,
hast set the pris’ners free,
hast set the prisoners free,
hast made us kings and priests to God,
and we shall reign with Thee,
and we shall reign with Thee.

Jesus Shall Reign  https://youtu.be/EGcqcw4yrAM

1. Jesus shall reign where’er the sun
does its successive journeys run;
his kingdom spread from shore to shore,
till moons shall wax and wane no more.

2. To Jesus endless prayer be made,
and endless praises crown his head;
his name like sweet perfume shall rise
with every morning sacrifice.

3. People and realms of every tongue
dwell on his love with sweetest song;
and infant voices shall proclaim
their early blessings on his name.

4. Blessings abound where’er he reigns;
all prisoners leap and loose their chains;
the weary find eternal rest,
and all who suffer want are blest.

5. Let every creature rise and bring
honors peculiar to our King;
angels descend with songs again,
and earth repeat the loud amen!

O God Our Help in Ages Past  https://youtu.be/wyxdCRVKm8c

1. O God, our help in ages past,
our hope for years to come,
our shelter from the stormy blast,
and our eternal home.

2. Under the shadow of thy throne,
still may we dwell secure;
sufficient is thine arm alone,
and our defense is sure.

3. Before the hills in order stood,
or earth received her frame,
from everlasting, thou art God,
to endless years the same.

4. A thousand ages, in thy sight,
are like an evening gone;
short as the watch that ends the night,
before the rising sun.

5. Time, like an ever rolling stream,
bears all who breathe away;
they fly forgotten, as a dream
dies at the opening day.

6. O God, our help in ages past,
our hope for years to come;
be thou our guide while life shall last,
and our eternal home.

There is a Land of Pure Delight   (This has been set to several different tunes)

1 There is a land of pure delight,
where saints immortal reign;
infinite day excludes the night,
and pleasures banish pain.

2 There everlasting spring abides,
and never-withering flowers;
death, like a narrow sea, divides
that heavenly land from ours.

3 Sweet fields beyond the swelling flood
stand dressed in living green;
so to the Jews old Canaan stood,
while Jordan rolled between.

4 But timorous mortals start and shrink
to cross the narrow sea,
and linger shivering on the brink,
and fear to launch away.

5 O could we make our doubts remove,
those gloomy doubts that rise,
and see the Canaan that we love
with unbeclouded eyes;

6 Could we but climb where Moses stood,
and view the landscape o’er,
not Jordan’s stream, nor death’s cold flood,
should fright us from the shore!

Chapter 25  St. Matthew’s Passion

The full work can be heard here:  https://youtu.be/P21qlB0K-Bs

The first chorus, “Come, Ye Daughters”  https://youtu.be/KCQzYoInrSk

“Before Thy Throne I Come:”  https://youtu.be/52RdshARXdg

Chapter 26  Messiah

The full work can be heard here:  https://youtu.be/71NCzuDNUcg

(Start here for “For Unto Us a Child is born”) https://youtu.be/71NCzuDNUcg?t=2392

(Start here for the Hallelujah Chorus) https://youtu.be/71NCzuDNUcg?t=6650

Handel’s Water Music and Royal Fireworks  https://youtu.be/pM31AYc6edc

Handel’s Xerxes  https://youtu.be/WH7GSJoDUDM

Chapter 27  Amazing Grace

1 Amazing grace (how sweet the sound)
that saved a wretch like me!
I once was lost, but now am found,
was blind, but now I see.

2 ‘Twas grace that taught my heart to fear,
and grace my fears relieved;
how precious did that grace appear
the hour I first believed!

3 Through many dangers, toils and snares
I have already come:
’tis grace has brought me safe thus far,
and grace will lead me home.

4 The Lord has promised good to me,
his word my hope secures;
he will my shield and portion be
as long as life endures.

5 Yes, when this flesh and heart shall fail,
and mortal life shall cease:
I shall possess, within the veil,
a life of joy and peace.

6 The earth shall soon dissolve like snow,
the sun forbear to shine;
but God, who called me here below,
will be forever mine.

Judy Collin’s Amazing Grace

Glorious Things of Thee are Spoken

Let Us Love and Sing and Wonder

How Sweet the Name of Jesus Sounds


Chapter 21 St. Teresa in Ecstasy

The Khan Academy had an extremely helpful seven minute video discussing this piece which you can find here:  Video

David

David di Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Galleria Borghese, Roma

Apollo and Daphne

St. Longinus

St. Longinus (ca. 1629-1638)

St. Peter’s Colonnade

Fountain of Four Rivers

Bernini, la Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, piazza Navona, Roma - The Fountain of the Four Rivers, Rome

Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola

Chapter 22  The Return of the Prodigal Son

Saskia in a red hat

Stoning of St. Stephen

Rembrandt-Lapidation-Saint-Étienne-MBA-Lyon.jpg

Raising of the Cross

Chapter 23  Pilgrim’s Progress

Brief Summary of Pilgrim’s Progress

Sparknotes — a more extensive summary

Chapter 18:  The Holy Sonnets

Links to all 19 of Donne’s Holy Sonnets can be found here:  https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Holy_Sonnets

Other poems by John Donne

The Flea

Mark but this flea, and mark in this,
How little that which thou deniest me is;
It sucked me first, and now sucks thee,
And in this flea our two bloods mingled be;
Thou know’st that this cannot be said
A sin, nor shame, nor loss of maidenhead,
    Yet this enjoys before it woo,
    And pampered swells with one blood made of two,
    And this, alas, is more than we would do.
Oh stay, three lives in one flea spare,
Where we almost, nay more than married are.
This flea is you and I, and this
Our marriage bed, and marriage temple is;
Though parents grudge, and you, w’are met,
And cloistered in these living walls of jet.
    Though use make you apt to kill me,
    Let not to that, self-murder added be,
    And sacrilege, three sins in killing three.
Cruel and sudden, hast thou since
Purpled thy nail, in blood of innocence?
Wherein could this flea guilty be,
Except in that drop which it sucked from thee?
Yet thou triumph’st, and say’st that thou
Find’st not thy self, nor me the weaker now;
    ’Tis true; then learn how false, fears be:
    Just so much honor, when thou yield’st to me,
    Will waste, as this flea’s death took life from thee.
Source: The Norton Anthology of Poetry (1996)

The Bracelet

Upon the Loss of His Mistress’s Chain, for Which He Made Satisfaction
NOT that in colour it was like thy hair,
For armlets of that thou mayst 1 let me wear;
Nor that thy hand it oft embraced and kiss’d,
For so it had that good, which oft I miss’d;
Nor for that silly old morality,         5
That, as these links were knit, our love 2 should be,
Mourn I that I thy sevenfold chain have lost;
Nor for the luck sake; but the bitter cost.
O, shall twelve righteous angels, which as yet
No leaven of vile solder did admit;         10
Nor yet by any way have stray’d or gone
From the first state of their creation;
Angels, which heaven commanded to provide
All things to me, and be my faithful guide;
To gain new friends, to appease great enemies; 3         15
To comfort my soul, when I lie or rise;
Shall these twelve innocents, by thy severe
Sentence, dread judge, my sin’s great burden bear?
Shall they be damn’d, and in the furnace thrown,
And punish’d for offences not their own?         20
They save not me, they do not ease my pains,
When in that hell they’re burnt and tied in chains.
Were they but crowns of France, I carèd not,
For most of these their country’s natural rot, 4
I think, possesseth; they come here to us         25
So pale, so lame, so lean, so ruinous.
And howsoe’er French kings most Christian be,
Their crowns are circumcised most Jewishly.
Or were they Spanish stamps, still travelling,
That are become as Catholic as their king;         30
Those unlick’d bear-whelps, unfiled pistolets,
That—more than cannon shot—avails or lets;
Which, negligently left unrounded, look
Like many-angled figures in the book
Of some great conjurer 5 that would enforce         35
Nature, as these do justice, from her course;
Which, as the soul quickens head, feet and heart,
As streams, like veins, run through th’ earth’s every part,
Visit all countries, and have slily made
Gorgeous France, ruin’d, ragged and decay’d,         40
Scotland, which knew no state, proud in one day,
And mangled seventeen-headed Belgia.
Or were it such gold as that wherewithal
Almighty chemics, from each mineral
Having by subtle fire a soul out-pull’d,         45
Are dirtily and desperately gull’d;
I would not spit to quench the fire they’re in,
For they are guilty of much heinous sin.
But shall my harmless angels perish? Shall
I lose my guard, my ease, my food, my all?         50
Much hope which they should nourish will be dead;
Much of my able youth, and lustihead
Will vanish; if thou love, let them alone,
For thou wilt love me less when they are gone;
And be content that some loud squeaking crier,         55
Well-pleas’d with one lean thread-bare groat for hire,
May like a devil roar through every street,
And gall the finder’s conscience, if he meet. 6
Or let me creep to some dread conjurer,
That with fantastic scenes fills full much paper;         60
Which hath divided heaven in tenements,
And with whores, thieves, and murderers stuff’d his rents
So full, that though he pass them all 7 in sin,
He leaves himself no room to enter in.
But if, when all his art and time is spent,         65
He say ’twill ne’er be found; yet be content;
Receive from him that doom 8 ungrudgingly,
Because he is the mouth of destiny.
Thou say’st, alas! the gold doth still remain,
Though it be changed, and put into a chain.         70
So in the first fallen angels resteth still
Wisdom and knowledge, but ’tis turn’d to ill;
As these should do good works, and should provide
Necessities; but now must nurse thy pride.
And they are still bad angels; mine are none;         75
For form gives being, and their form is gone.
Pity these angels yet; their dignities
Pass Virtues, Powers, and Principalities.
But thou art resolute; thy will be done;
Yet with such anguish, as her only son         80
The mother in the hungry grave doth lay,
Unto the fire these martyrs I betray.
Good souls—for you give life to everything—
Good angels—for good messages you bring—
Destined you might have been to such an one,         85
As would have loved and worshipp’d you alone;
One that would suffer hunger, nakedness,
Yea death, ere he would make your number less;
But, I am guilty of your sad decay;
May your few fellows longer with me stay.         90
But O! thou wretched finder whom I hate
So, that I almost pity thy estate,
Gold being the heaviest metal amongst all,
May my most heavy curse upon thee fall.
Here fetter’d, manacled, and hang’d in chains,         95
First mayst thou be; then chain’d to hellish pains;
Or be with foreign gold bribed to betray
Thy country, and fail both of it and thy 9 pay.
May the next thing thou stoop’st to reach, contain
Poison, whose nimble fume rot thy moist brain;         100
Or libels, or some interdicted thing,
Which negligently kept thy ruin bring.
Lust-bred diseases rot thee; and dwell with thee
Itching desire, and no ability.
May all the evils that gold ever wrought;         105
All mischief that all devils ever thought;
Want after plenty, poor and gouty age,
The plagues of travellers, love, marriage 10
Afflict thee, and at thy life’s last moment,
May thy swollen sins themselves to thee present.         110
  But, I forgive; repent thee, honest man!
Gold is restorative; restore it then:
But if from it thou be’st loth to depart, 11
Because ’tis cordial, would ’twere at thy heart.

Chapter 19: The Temple

Easter Wings

Lord, who createdst man in wealth and store,
      Though foolishly he lost the same,
            Decaying more and more,
                  Till he became
                        Most poore:
                        With thee
                  O let me rise
            As larks, harmoniously,
      And sing this day thy victories:
Then shall the fall further the flight in me.
My tender age in sorrow did beginne
      And still with sicknesses and shame.
            Thou didst so punish sinne,
                  That I became
                        Most thinne.
                        With thee
                  Let me combine,
            And feel thy victorie:
         For, if I imp my wing on thine,
Affliction shall advance the flight in me.

The Altar

A broken ALTAR, Lord, thy servant rears,
Made of a heart and cemented with tears;
Whose parts are as thy hand did frame;
No workman’s tool hath touch’d the same.
A HEART alone
Is such a stone,
As nothing but
Thy pow’r doth cut.
Wherefore each part
Of my hard heart
Meets in this frame
To praise thy name.
That if I chance to hold my peace,
These stones to praise thee may not cease.
Oh, let thy blessed SACRIFICE be mine,
And sanctify this ALTAR to be thine.

Prayer (I)

Prayer the church’s banquet, angel’s age,
God’s breath in man returning to his birth,
The soul in paraphrase, heart in pilgrimage,
The Christian plummet sounding heav’n and earth
Engine against th’ Almighty, sinner’s tow’r,
Reversed thunder, Christ-side-piercing spear,
The six-days world transposing in an hour,
A kind of tune, which all things hear and fear;
Softness, and peace, and joy, and love, and bliss,
Exalted manna, gladness of the best,
Heaven in ordinary, man well drest,
The milky way, the bird of Paradise,
Church-bells beyond the stars heard, the soul’s blood,
The land of spices; something understood.

Chapter 20 Agnus Dei

The Crucifixion of Christ

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Saint Serapion

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Crucified Christ Contemplated by a Painter

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Chapter 15:  The Procession to Calvary

Port of Naples:

screen shot 2019-01-08 at 11.08.51 amhttps://www.pictorem.com/3380/Port%20of%20Naples%20by%20Pieter%20Bruegel.html

Battle between Carnival and Lent

Pieter Bruegel d. Ä. 066.jpg

Children’s Games

Flemish Proverbs

Netherlandish Proverbs Pieter Bruegel

The Parable of the Blind

Flight into Egypt

Parable of the Sower

Census at Bethlehem

Chapter 16: The Burial of the Count of Orgaz

The Assumption of the Virgin

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Fray Hortensio Felix Paravincino

View of Toledo

Christ on the Cross Adored by Two Donors

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Revelation of John

The Vision of Saint John MET DT1052.jpg

Adoration of the Shepherds

File:Adoracion de los Reyes magos1.jpg

Chapter 17: The Incredulity of Saint Thomas

The Supper at Emmaus

1602-3 Caravaggio,Supper at Emmaus National Gallery, London.jpg

The Calling of St. Matthew

The Calling of Saint Matthew-Caravaggo (1599-1600).jpg

The Taking of Christ

The Taking of Christ-Caravaggio (c.1602).jpg

The Conversion of St Paul

Conversion on the Way to Damascus-Caravaggio (c.1600-1).jpg

Crucifixion of St. Peter

Martirio di San Pietro September 2015-1a.jpg

David and Goliath

David with the Head of Goliath-Caravaggio (1610).jpg

Chapter 6:  The Divine Comedy

For a summary of the plot and additional information on Dante, go to Schmoops.com

Excerpt from The Inferno (translation by Robert and Jean Hollander)

The pilgrim has lost his way in a woods where he meets Virgil who tells the pilgrim he will show him hell.

‘Therefore, for your sake, I think it wise you follow me: I will be your guide, leading you, from here, through an eternal place where you shall hear despairing cries and see those ancient souls in pain as they bewail their second death.  Then you shall see the ones who are content to burn because they hope to come, whenever it may be, among the blessed. Should you desire to ascend to these, you’ll find a soul more fit to lead than I: I’ll leave you in her care when I depart.  For the Emperor who has His seat on high wills not, because I was a rebel to His law, that I should make my way into His city. In every part He reigns and there He rules. There is His city and His lofty seat. Happy the one whom He elects to be there!’ And I answered: ‘Poet, I entreat you by the God you did not know, so that I may escape this harm and worse, lead me to the realms you’ve just described that I may see Saint Peter’s gate and those you tell me are so sorrowful.’ Then he set out and I came on behind him….

THROUGH ME THE WAY TO THE CITY OF WOE, THROUGH ME THE WAY TO EVERLASTING PAIN,  THROUGH ME THE WAY AMONG THE LOST. JUSTICE MOVED MY MAKER ON HIGH. DIVINE POWER MADE ME,  WISDOM SUPREME, AND PRIMAL LOVE. BEFORE ME NOTHING WAS BUT THINGS ETERNAL, AND ETERNAL, I ENDURE. ABANDON ALL HOPE, YOU WHO ENTER HERE.

These words, dark in hue, I saw inscribed over an archway. And then I said: ‘Master, for me their meaning is hard.’ And he, as one who understood: ‘Here you must banish all distrust, here must all cowardice be slain. We have come to where I said you would see the miserable sinners who have lost the good of the intellect.’ And after he had put his hand on mine with a reassuring look that gave me comfort, he led me toward things unknown to man. Now sighs, loud wailing, lamentation resounded through the starless air, so that I too began to weep. Unfamiliar tongues, horrendous accents, words of suffering, cries of rage, voices loud and faint, the sound of slapping hands— all these made a tumult, always whirling in that black and timeless air,  as sand is swirled in a whirlwind. And I, my head encircled by error, said: ‘Master, what is this I hear, and what people  are these so overcome by pain?’ And he to me: ‘This miserable state is borne by the wretched souls of those who lived without disgrace yet without praise. They intermingle with that wicked band of angels, not rebellious and not faithful to God, who held themselves apart. Loath to impair its beauty, Heaven casts them out, and depth of Hell does not receive them lest on their account the evil angels gloat.’ And I: ‘Master, what is so grievous to them, that they lament so bitterly?’ He replied: ‘I can tell you in few words. ‘They have no hope of death, and their blind life is so abject that they are envious of every other lot. The world does not permit report of them. Mercy and justice hold them in contempt. Let us not speak of them— look and pass by.’

Dante. The Inferno (The Divine Comedy series Book 1) (Kindle Locations 1336-1463). Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

Excerpt from Paradiso

The pilgrim meets a woman he once knew now dwelling in Paradise but who is in one of the lower ranks of the blessed due to some errors in her earthly life.  He asks her if she is envious of those above her. She replies:

‘Our affections, which are inflamed only when they please the Holy Spirit, take joy in their adherence to His plan, and this our lot, which seems so very low, is given us because of vows neglected and, in part, no longer valid.’ Then I said to her: ‘From your transfigured faces shines forth a divinity I do not know, and it transforms the images I can recall. That is why my memory worked so slowly, but now what you have said has helped me and I more readily recall your features. But tell me, do you, who are here content, desire to achieve a higher place, where you might see still more and make yourselves more dear?’ Along with the other shades, she smiled, then answered me with so much gladness she seemed alight with love’s first fire: ‘Brother, the power of love subdues our will so that we long for only what we have and thirst for nothing else. If we desired to be more exalted, our desires would be discordant with His will, which assigns us to this place. That, as you will see, would not befit these circles if to be ruled by love is here required and if you consider well the nature of that love. No, it is the very essence of this blessèd state that we remain within the will of God, so that our wills combine in unity. Therefore our rank, from height to height, throughout this kingdom pleases all the kingdom, as it delights the King who wills us to His will. ‘And in His will is our peace.  It is to that sea all things move, both what His will creates and that which nature makes.’

Dante. Paradiso (The Divine Comedy series Book 3) (Kindle Locations 1468-1555). Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

Click here to read the full Inferno online

Click here to read Purgatory online

Click here to read Paradise online

A map of Dante’s Inferno:

Chapter 8:  The Scrovegni Chapel Frescos

image.png   The exterior

image.png Cimabue’s “Virgin Enthroned with Angels”

image.png    Giotto’s “Madonna and Child”

image.png  Giotto’s Betrayal of Jesus

image.png   close-up

image.png  Giotto’s “St. Francis Preaching to the Birds”

image.png  Giotto’s “St. Francis Receiving the Stigmata”

Chapter 9  “The Holy Trinity Icon”

image.png  Icon of Luke painting Mary

Chapter 10:  The Adoration of the Lamb

image.png  Cathedral of St. Bavo in Ghent

image.png  Arnolfini Wedding Portrait

image.png  Man in a Red Turban

image.png  Madonna with Chancellor Rolin

image.pngMadonna in a church


Chap 1:  p. 22  Sarcophagi of Junius Bassus

another example of some art from a tomb in the catacombs.  This one from around 300 AD depicts Jesus as a Roman philosopher

Chapter 2   p. 26   The Book of Durrow

p. 26 The Lindisfarne Gospels

Chapter 3   Gregorian Chant

Youtube of the Spanish Benedictine Monks of Santo Dominigo de Silos:  https://youtu.be/x_FRuDCzlm0

An explanation and example of melismatic singing:  https://youtu.be/PRS2grauL4I

If you want to learn even more about Gregorian Chant, check out this youtube:  https://youtu.be/Igoh5kEqj3Y

Chapter 4 Ordo Virtumtum

Listen to an excerpt at https://youtu.be/wGPZWUNwLG0

A video of the entire production of Ordo Virtumtum:  https://youtu.be/zUMlhtoGTzY

A sampling of poems and prayers by Hildegard of Bingen   http://www.poetseers.org/spiritual-and-devotional-poets/christian/hildegard-of-bingen/hildp/

Hildegard de Bingen artwork:  https://www.wikiart.org/en/hildegard-of-bingen/all-works#!#filterName:all-paintings-chronologically,resultType:masonry

Chapter 5: Chartes Cathedral

For a pictorial tour:  https://www.youvisit.com/tour/makennaeccles

p. 36   “The Last Judgment”  

p. 36 Noah window

Noah Window Chartres

p.36 Rose window

p. 36  Hagia Sophia in Constantinople

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p. 36 St. Sernin in Toulose, France

Image result for st. sernin toulouse

p. 38 Gargoyle pup

Image result for gargoyles chartres

Chapter 6:  The Windows of Sainte-Chapelle

Exterior

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p. 40  Crown of thorns

Related image

p. 43  Stained glass window at Strasbourg

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Stained glass at Siena Cathedral

Siena Cathedral stained glass window Last Supper

William Morris stained glass

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The Good Samaritan at Union Church by Marc Chagall

Image result for marc chagall stained glass union churchq