Links and material for 75 Masterpieces Every Christian Should Know
[Scroll down to see earlier chapters]
Chapter 40 The Life of Our Lord Jesus Christ
What Our Lord Saw from the Cross
The front plate of Tissot’s book with his photo
Portrait of a Pilgrim (last page of The Life of Our Lord Jesus Christ)
The Ball on Shipboard
Inward Voices (the Ruins)
From the Brooklyn Eagle April 16, 1900
For more information on Tissot and his paintings, see this site on WordPress
Chapter 41 The Annunciation
From Wikipedia: The history of the AME church (for Sally!)
[When first brought to the US] American Methodists remained affiliated with the Church of England, but this state of affairs became untenable after the American Revolution. In response, Wesley ordained the first Methodist elders for America in 1784. Under the leadership of its first bishops, Thomas Coke and Francis Asbury, the “Methodist Episcopal Church” adopted episcopal polity and an itinerant model of ministry that saw circuit riders provide for the religious needs of a widespread and mobile population….
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church or AME, is.. the first independent Protestant denomination to be founded by black people. It was founded by the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists. It was among the first denominations in the United States to be founded on racial rather than theological distinctions and has persistently advocated for the civil and human rights of African Americans through social improvement, religious autonomy, and political engagement…. The AME currently has 20 districts, each with its own bishop: 13 are based in the United States, mostly in the South, while seven are based in Africa. The global membership of the AME is around 2.5 million and it remains one of the largest Methodist denominations in the world.
The Banjo Lesson
The Thankful Poor
Daniel and the Lion’s Den
Chapter 42 The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson
A Bird came down the Walk (328)
A Bird came down the Walk— He did not know I saw— He bit an Angleworm in halves And ate the fellow, raw, And then he drank a Dew From a convenient Grass— And then hopped sidewise to the Wall To let a Beetle pass— He glanced with rapid eyes That hurried all around— They looked like frightened Beads, I thought— He stirred his Velvet Head Like one in danger, Cautious, I offered him a Crumb And he unrolled his feathers And rowed him softer home— Than Oars divide the Ocean, Too silver for a seam— Or Butterflies, off Banks of Noon Leap, plashless as they swim.
Hope is the thing with feathers (254)
Hope is the thing with feathers That perches in the soul, And sings the tune without the words, And never stops at all, And sweetest in the gale is heard; And sore must be the storm That could abash the little bird That kept so many warm. I’ve heard it in the chillest land, And on the strangest sea; Yet, never, in extremity, It asked a crumb of me.
Bring Me The Sunset In A Cup – Poem by Emily Dickinson
Reckon the morning’s flagons up
And say how many Dew,
Tell me how far the morning leaps—
Tell me what time the weaver sleeps
Who spun the breadth of blue!
Write me how many notes there be
In the new Robin’s ecstasy
Among astonished boughs—
How many trips the Tortoise makes—
How many cups the Bee partakes,
The Debauchee of Dews!
Also, who laid the Rainbow’s piers,
Also, who leads the docile spheres
By withes of supple blue?
Whose fingers string the stalactite—
Who counts the wampum of the night
To see that none is due?
Who built this little Alban House
And shut the windows down so close
My spirit cannot see?
Who’ll let me out some gala day
With implements to fly away,
Chapter 37 The Brothers Karamazov
For a summary and analysis of the book, see Shmoop.com
For a very good overview of Dostoyevsky’s writings and his moral outlook, watch this 14 minute video from the School of Literature
Chapter 38 La Sagrada Familia Cathedral
Statuary on the cathedral
Examples of animals in statuary
Chapter 39 Starry Night
At Eternity’s Gate
The Potato Eaters
A Pair of Shoes
Wheatfield with Crows
Chapter 34 The Light of the World
Warner Sallman “Christ at the Door”
Dante Rosetti’s La Ghirlandata
Awakening Conscious — the painting
The Hireling Shepherd
Our English Coasts
The Shadow of Death
Chapter 37 : The Heart of the Andes
To the Memory of Thomas Cole
Cross in the Wilderness
Chapter 36 “Fairy Tales”
Read George MacDonald’s The Princess and the Goblin online at Project Gutenberg or Download it for your Kindle or e-reader at http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/34339
Other works by George MacDonald can also be found on Project Gutenberg. Click here for a listing.
Chapter 31 The Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog
A Cross in the Mountains
Abbey in the Oakwood
Monastery Graveyard in the Snow
Monk on the Seashore
(For a more in-depth discussion of the Monk by the Sea, see this essay at Khan Academy
The Woman Before the Setting Sun
Chapter 32 Symphony no. 5 “The Reformation”
Listen to Symphony no. 5 by Mendelssohn on Youtube
Octet in Eb Major (composed at age 16)
Chapter 33 The Voyage of Life
The View from Mt Holyoke
Detail of Hebrew letters on mountain
The Garden of Eden
Expulsion from the Garden of Eden
Chapter 28 “Songs of Innocence and Experience”
To read the entire works online: Project Gutenberg
Chapter 29 “The Creation”
Chapter 30 “Pride and Prejudice”
To read the entire book online: Project Gutenberg
Chapter 24 “When I Survey the Wondrous Cross”
(“Hymn” refers to the lyrics, not the music.) The words are:
1. When I survey the wondrous cross
on which the Prince of Glory died;
my richest gain I count but loss,
and pour contempt on all my pride.
2. Forbid it, Lord, that I should boast,
save in the death of Christ, my God;
all the vain things that charm me most,
I sacrifice them to his blood.
3. See, from his head, his hands, his feet,
sorrow and love flow mingled down.
Did e’er such love and sorrow meet,
or thorns compose so rich a crown.
4. Were the whole realm of nature mine,
that were an offering far too small;
love so amazing, so divine,
demands my soul, my life, my all.
To hear the version we sing from our hymnal: https://youtu.be/kRjfXyRZw4w
Behold the Glories of the Lamb (This is usually sung to the tune “Martyrdom” which can be heard here https://youtu.be/pOwkhlqehgw, set to another Isaac Watts hymn.)
1 Behold the glories of the Lamb
amidst His Father’s throne!
amidst His Father’s throne!
Prepare new honors for His name,
and songs before unknown,
and songs before unknown.
2 Let elders worship at His feet,
the church adore around,
the church adore around,
with vials full of odors sweet,
and harps of sweeter sound,
and harps of sweeter sound.
3 Now to the Lamb that once was slain
be endless blessings paid;
be endless blessings paid;
salvation, glory, joy, remain
forever on Thy head,
forever on Thy head.
4 Thou hast redeemed our souls with blood,
hast set the pris’ners free,
hast set the prisoners free,
hast made us kings and priests to God,
and we shall reign with Thee,
and we shall reign with Thee.
Jesus Shall Reign https://youtu.be/EGcqcw4yrAM
1. Jesus shall reign where’er the sun
does its successive journeys run;
his kingdom spread from shore to shore,
till moons shall wax and wane no more.
2. To Jesus endless prayer be made,
and endless praises crown his head;
his name like sweet perfume shall rise
with every morning sacrifice.
3. People and realms of every tongue
dwell on his love with sweetest song;
and infant voices shall proclaim
their early blessings on his name.
4. Blessings abound where’er he reigns;
all prisoners leap and loose their chains;
the weary find eternal rest,
and all who suffer want are blest.
5. Let every creature rise and bring
honors peculiar to our King;
angels descend with songs again,
and earth repeat the loud amen!
O God Our Help in Ages Past https://youtu.be/wyxdCRVKm8c
1. O God, our help in ages past,
our hope for years to come,
our shelter from the stormy blast,
and our eternal home.
2. Under the shadow of thy throne,
still may we dwell secure;
sufficient is thine arm alone,
and our defense is sure.
3. Before the hills in order stood,
or earth received her frame,
from everlasting, thou art God,
to endless years the same.
4. A thousand ages, in thy sight,
are like an evening gone;
short as the watch that ends the night,
before the rising sun.
5. Time, like an ever rolling stream,
bears all who breathe away;
they fly forgotten, as a dream
dies at the opening day.
6. O God, our help in ages past,
our hope for years to come;
be thou our guide while life shall last,
and our eternal home.
There is a Land of Pure Delight (This has been set to several different tunes)
1 There is a land of pure delight,
where saints immortal reign;
infinite day excludes the night,
and pleasures banish pain.
2 There everlasting spring abides,
and never-withering flowers;
death, like a narrow sea, divides
that heavenly land from ours.
3 Sweet fields beyond the swelling flood
stand dressed in living green;
so to the Jews old Canaan stood,
while Jordan rolled between.
4 But timorous mortals start and shrink
to cross the narrow sea,
and linger shivering on the brink,
and fear to launch away.
5 O could we make our doubts remove,
those gloomy doubts that rise,
and see the Canaan that we love
with unbeclouded eyes;
6 Could we but climb where Moses stood,
and view the landscape o’er,
not Jordan’s stream, nor death’s cold flood,
should fright us from the shore!
Chapter 25 St. Matthew’s Passion
The full work can be heard here: https://youtu.be/P21qlB0K-Bs
The first chorus, “Come, Ye Daughters” https://youtu.be/KCQzYoInrSk
“Before Thy Throne I Come:” https://youtu.be/52RdshARXdg
Chapter 26 Messiah
The full work can be heard here: https://youtu.be/71NCzuDNUcg
(Start here for “For Unto Us a Child is born”) https://youtu.be/71NCzuDNUcg?t=2392
(Start here for the Hallelujah Chorus) https://youtu.be/71NCzuDNUcg?t=6650
Handel’s Water Music and Royal Fireworks https://youtu.be/pM31AYc6edc
Handel’s Xerxes https://youtu.be/WH7GSJoDUDM
Chapter 27 Amazing Grace
1 Amazing grace (how sweet the sound)
that saved a wretch like me!
I once was lost, but now am found,
was blind, but now I see.
2 ‘Twas grace that taught my heart to fear,
and grace my fears relieved;
how precious did that grace appear
the hour I first believed!
3 Through many dangers, toils and snares
I have already come:
’tis grace has brought me safe thus far,
and grace will lead me home.
4 The Lord has promised good to me,
his word my hope secures;
he will my shield and portion be
as long as life endures.
5 Yes, when this flesh and heart shall fail,
and mortal life shall cease:
I shall possess, within the veil,
a life of joy and peace.
6 The earth shall soon dissolve like snow,
the sun forbear to shine;
but God, who called me here below,
will be forever mine.
Chapter 21 St. Teresa in Ecstasy
The Khan Academy had an extremely helpful seven minute video discussing this piece which you can find here: Video
Apollo and Daphne
St. Peter’s Colonnade
Fountain of Four Rivers
Chapter 22 The Return of the Prodigal Son
Saskia in a red hat
Stoning of St. Stephen
Raising of the Cross
Chapter 23 Pilgrim’s Progress
Chapter 18: The Holy Sonnets
Links to all 19 of Donne’s Holy Sonnets can be found here: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Holy_Sonnets
Other poems by John Donne
|Upon the Loss of His Mistress’s Chain, for Which He Made Satisfaction|
Chapter 19: The Temple
Chapter 20 Agnus Dei
The Crucifixion of Christ
Crucified Christ Contemplated by a Painter
Chapter 15: The Procession to Calvary
Port of Naples:
Battle between Carnival and Lent
The Parable of the Blind
Flight into Egypt
Parable of the Sower
Census at Bethlehem
Chapter 16: The Burial of the Count of Orgaz
The Assumption of the Virgin
Fray Hortensio Felix Paravincino
View of Toledo
Christ on the Cross Adored by Two Donors
Revelation of John
Adoration of the Shepherds
Chapter 17: The Incredulity of Saint Thomas
The Supper at Emmaus
The Calling of St. Matthew
The Taking of Christ
The Conversion of St Paul
Crucifixion of St. Peter
David and Goliath
Chapter 6: The Divine Comedy
For a summary of the plot and additional information on Dante, go to Schmoops.com
Excerpt from The Inferno (translation by Robert and Jean Hollander)
The pilgrim has lost his way in a woods where he meets Virgil who tells the pilgrim he will show him hell.
‘Therefore, for your sake, I think it wise you follow me: I will be your guide, leading you, from here, through an eternal place where you shall hear despairing cries and see those ancient souls in pain as they bewail their second death. Then you shall see the ones who are content to burn because they hope to come, whenever it may be, among the blessed. Should you desire to ascend to these, you’ll find a soul more fit to lead than I: I’ll leave you in her care when I depart. For the Emperor who has His seat on high wills not, because I was a rebel to His law, that I should make my way into His city. In every part He reigns and there He rules. There is His city and His lofty seat. Happy the one whom He elects to be there!’ And I answered: ‘Poet, I entreat you by the God you did not know, so that I may escape this harm and worse, lead me to the realms you’ve just described that I may see Saint Peter’s gate and those you tell me are so sorrowful.’ Then he set out and I came on behind him….
THROUGH ME THE WAY TO THE CITY OF WOE, THROUGH ME THE WAY TO EVERLASTING PAIN, THROUGH ME THE WAY AMONG THE LOST. JUSTICE MOVED MY MAKER ON HIGH. DIVINE POWER MADE ME, WISDOM SUPREME, AND PRIMAL LOVE. BEFORE ME NOTHING WAS BUT THINGS ETERNAL, AND ETERNAL, I ENDURE. ABANDON ALL HOPE, YOU WHO ENTER HERE.
These words, dark in hue, I saw inscribed over an archway. And then I said: ‘Master, for me their meaning is hard.’ And he, as one who understood: ‘Here you must banish all distrust, here must all cowardice be slain. We have come to where I said you would see the miserable sinners who have lost the good of the intellect.’ And after he had put his hand on mine with a reassuring look that gave me comfort, he led me toward things unknown to man. Now sighs, loud wailing, lamentation resounded through the starless air, so that I too began to weep. Unfamiliar tongues, horrendous accents, words of suffering, cries of rage, voices loud and faint, the sound of slapping hands— all these made a tumult, always whirling in that black and timeless air, as sand is swirled in a whirlwind. And I, my head encircled by error, said: ‘Master, what is this I hear, and what people are these so overcome by pain?’ And he to me: ‘This miserable state is borne by the wretched souls of those who lived without disgrace yet without praise. They intermingle with that wicked band of angels, not rebellious and not faithful to God, who held themselves apart. Loath to impair its beauty, Heaven casts them out, and depth of Hell does not receive them lest on their account the evil angels gloat.’ And I: ‘Master, what is so grievous to them, that they lament so bitterly?’ He replied: ‘I can tell you in few words. ‘They have no hope of death, and their blind life is so abject that they are envious of every other lot. The world does not permit report of them. Mercy and justice hold them in contempt. Let us not speak of them— look and pass by.’
Dante. The Inferno (The Divine Comedy series Book 1) (Kindle Locations 1336-1463). Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
Excerpt from Paradiso
The pilgrim meets a woman he once knew now dwelling in Paradise but who is in one of the lower ranks of the blessed due to some errors in her earthly life. He asks her if she is envious of those above her. She replies:
‘Our affections, which are inflamed only when they please the Holy Spirit, take joy in their adherence to His plan, and this our lot, which seems so very low, is given us because of vows neglected and, in part, no longer valid.’ Then I said to her: ‘From your transfigured faces shines forth a divinity I do not know, and it transforms the images I can recall. That is why my memory worked so slowly, but now what you have said has helped me and I more readily recall your features. But tell me, do you, who are here content, desire to achieve a higher place, where you might see still more and make yourselves more dear?’ Along with the other shades, she smiled, then answered me with so much gladness she seemed alight with love’s first fire: ‘Brother, the power of love subdues our will so that we long for only what we have and thirst for nothing else. If we desired to be more exalted, our desires would be discordant with His will, which assigns us to this place. That, as you will see, would not befit these circles if to be ruled by love is here required and if you consider well the nature of that love. No, it is the very essence of this blessèd state that we remain within the will of God, so that our wills combine in unity. Therefore our rank, from height to height, throughout this kingdom pleases all the kingdom, as it delights the King who wills us to His will. ‘And in His will is our peace. It is to that sea all things move, both what His will creates and that which nature makes.’
Dante. Paradiso (The Divine Comedy series Book 3) (Kindle Locations 1468-1555). Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
A map of Dante’s Inferno:
Chapter 8: The Scrovegni Chapel Frescos
Cimabue’s “Virgin Enthroned with Angels”
Giotto’s “Madonna and Child”
Giotto’s Betrayal of Jesus
Giotto’s “St. Francis Preaching to the Birds”
Giotto’s “St. Francis Receiving the Stigmata”
Chapter 9 “The Holy Trinity Icon”
Icon of Luke painting Mary
Chapter 10: The Adoration of the Lamb
Cathedral of St. Bavo in Ghent
Arnolfini Wedding Portrait
Man in a Red Turban
Madonna with Chancellor Rolin
Madonna in a church
Chap 1: p. 22 Sarcophagi of Junius Bassus
another example of some art from a tomb in the catacombs. This one from around 300 AD depicts Jesus as a Roman philosopher
Chapter 2 p. 26 The Book of Durrow
p. 26 The Lindisfarne Gospels
Chapter 3 Gregorian Chant
Youtube of the Spanish Benedictine Monks of Santo Dominigo de Silos: https://youtu.be/x_FRuDCzlm0
An explanation and example of melismatic singing: https://youtu.be/PRS2grauL4I
If you want to learn even more about Gregorian Chant, check out this youtube: https://youtu.be/Igoh5kEqj3Y
Chapter 4 Ordo Virtumtum
Listen to an excerpt at https://youtu.be/wGPZWUNwLG0
A video of the entire production of Ordo Virtumtum: https://youtu.be/zUMlhtoGTzY
A sampling of poems and prayers by Hildegard of Bingen http://www.poetseers.org/spiritual-and-devotional-poets/christian/hildegard-of-bingen/hildp/
Chapter 5: Chartes Cathedral
For a pictorial tour: https://www.youvisit.com/tour/makennaeccles
p. 36 “The Last Judgment”
p. 36 Noah window
p.36 Rose window
p. 36 Hagia Sophia in Constantinople
p. 36 St. Sernin in Toulose, France
p. 38 Gargoyle pup
Chapter 6: The Windows of Sainte-Chapelle
p. 40 Crown of thorns
p. 43 Stained glass window at Strasbourg
Stained glass at Siena Cathedral
William Morris stained glass
The Good Samaritan at Union Church by Marc Chagall